Screening Tools

COLUMBIA SUICIDE SEVERITY RATING SCALE

SAFE-T

SBQ-R

PHQ-9

The Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS)

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Demonstrated ability to predict risk of suicidal behavior in suicidal and non-suicidal individuals.
  • Mental health training is not required to administer the scale.
  • Paper versions developed for a wide-range of clinical use (research trials, practice, screening, triage, pediatric, military, risk assessment).
  • Electronic self-report using Interactive Voice Technology is available (e-CSSRS).
  • Available in over 100 languages, including country-specific versions.
  • Available at no cost for public health/clinical practice settings.
  • Comprehensive set of training materials is available (in-person, webinar, video, online, scoring/administration and data analytic manuals, triage guidelines)
  • Increases efficient use of resources and improves care delivery as a result of improved accuracy in risk assessment and cor-responding triage recommendations.
  • Includes clear definitions of suicidal ideation and behavior, now adopted by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) (see the CDC Self-Directed Violence Surveillance: Uniform Definitions and Recommended Data Elements link to the C-SSRS) and the FDA now requires assessment of suicidal ideation and behavior in clinical trials according to the 11 categories on the C-SSRS.
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SAFE-T (Suicide Assessment Five-Step Evaluation and Triage) was developed in collabora ion with the Suicide Prevention Resource Center and Screening for Mental Health.

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Suicide Behaviors Questionnaire (SBQ-R) assesses suicide-related thoughts and behavior.

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PHQ-9 is the most common screening tool to identify depression. It is available as well in a modified version for adoles-cents.

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